The first person thought to have used the word ‘philosophy’ was Pythagoras, the discoverer of mathematics at the dawn of Greek history. The word comes from ‘philo’, meaning ‘love’, and ‘sophia’, meaning ‘wisdom’. Thus, a philosopher is a lover of wisdom.
Traditionally, philosophy was the first practice to break up the world into specializations with specific branches of philosophy. There are four main branches.
The first is epistemology, an understanding of what knowledge is. Then we have metaphysics, concerned with the nature of ‘being’ and reality. Third, we have ethics, or how man should behave in the world. And finally, we have politics, or how man should organize his world.
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