On 2 July 1187, Saladin, the champion of Islam, attacked Tiberius with a possible 30,000 men. Jerusalem had become, by this time, a Christian Kingdom, there to receive pilgrims from Europe.
Sensing danger from Saladin, King Guy of Jerusalem decided to march on his enemy with over a thousand knights and over 15,000 other forces. However, Guy had no idea that he was already being outmanoeuvred.
Saladin’s genius laid in his ability to provoke his enemy into actions HE wanted them to take. And this is exactly why he attacked Tiberius. As Guy’s army marched east on 3 July, it soon became clear the terrain was unsuitable for his knights, which had to be guarded on their march by disorganized infantry. Of vital importance was the need to reach water and cover. But ahead of them, Saladin had laid waste the whole area, depriving Guy’s forces of both.
Throughout the day, Saladin’s forces harassed the column, particularly in the rearguard, eventually forcing them to camp for the night without water and shelter. By the next morning, 4 July, the Crusaders were in a bad state. In addition to this, they had arrived at the Horns of Hattin, the place of battle already chosen by Saladin.
Just exactly what happened in the battle we can no longer say, but we do know that, with the entire forces of Guy being outmanoeuvred into a Saladin trap, they were routed, with King Guy taken prisoner
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