By the 13th century the English monk, Roger Bacon, began to argue that science could best understand the world through experimentation.
By the early 14th century, the need to use man’s mind to understand the world was fighting for acceptance.
Principal to the process was William of Occam, and his idea of ‘Occam’s Razor.’ Stated simply, he argued that the simplest form of statement is superior to endless hypotheses. It was the beginning of reductionism, where a simple answer becomes more sensible than the more complex.
Such a methodology became the rock-bed of scientific process. And it was to find further acceptance at the beginning of the 17th century with Francis Bacon. Arguing against belief, he said that if a man begins with certainties, he will end with doubts. Yet, if we were to begin with doubts, we shall end in certainties. Whether this is correct or not is open to debate. And seeing it can be debated, it must be untrue. Yes, we must doubt. But it is an arrogance to think it can always lead to certainties.
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